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In theory, it would be possible to combine a disbelief in gods with a belief in an immortal consciousness (or ‘soul’) or even resurrection of the body. There is no evidence, however, that these possibilities are so. The findings of chemistry, physics, and biology suggest that the human mind and psychology depends totally on the brain.
When our brains die, we die. Indeed, the very idea of living on, after death, does not make sense. What could life be like without bodies, our senses, our physical movements and interactions with others?
What sense could we make of things that we value – love, experiences, communication, achievements, the warmth of the sun on our face – if we were disembodied? Many humanists, although they might prefer to live longer than in fact they will, would also draw attention to the horror of the inconceivable tedium we would experience if immortal, going on and on forever.
Although we no longer exist when we die, we may, of course, live on in other people's memories, in the work we have done while alive, or in our children, and the elements that made up our bodies will break up and become a part again of the rest of nature.