The only possible basis for a sound morality is mutual tolerance and respect: tolerance of one another’s customs and opinions; respect for one another’s rights and feelings; awareness of one another’s needs. A J Ayer

What makes something right or wrong?

Some people believe that what is right and wrong never varies and that it can be expressed in constant and unchanging commandments.

Religious people sometimes look to their ‘sacred texts’ – writings from long ago – or to religious authorities for guidance on moral questions. But most of us more usually trust our ‘conscience’, the metaphorical part of our minds that warns us to think about the consequences of what we do, to treat other people as we would like to be treated, to avoid harming others or the planet, and which makes us feel uneasy when we don't. This is an aspect of our character as human beings and as individuals.


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